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WELCHOL®
Indications

Welchol is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to:

  • reduce elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with primary hyperlipidemia (Fredrickson Type IIa) as monotherapy or in combination with an hydroxymethyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase inhibitor (statin)
  • reduce LDL-C levels in boys and postmenarchal girls, 10 to 17 years of age, with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, as monotherapy or in combination with a statin after failing an adequate trial of diet therapy
  • improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Important Limitations of Use
  • Welchol should not be used for the treatment of type 1 diabetes or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Welchol has not been studied in type 2 diabetes in combination with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
  • Welchol has not been studied in Fredrickson Type I, III, IV, and V dyslipidemias
  • Welchol has not been studied in children younger than 10 years of age or in premenarchal girls

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT WELCHOL® (colesevelam HCI)

Contraindications

Welchol is contraindicated in:

  • individuals with a history of bowel obstruction,
  • those with serum triglyceride (TG) concentrations of >500 mg/dL, or
  • those with a history of hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis.
Warnings and Precautions

The effect of Welchol on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.

Welchol can increase serum TG concentrations particularly when used in combination with pioglitazone, sulfonylureas, or insulin. Caution should be exercised when treating patients with TG levels >300 mg/dL.

Welchol may decrease the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. Patients on vitamin supplements should take their vitamins at least 4 hours prior to Welchol. Caution should be exercised when treating patients with a susceptibility to vitamin K or fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies.

Caution should also be exercised when treating patients with gastroparesis, gastrointestinal motility disorders, a history of major gastrointestinal tract surgery, and when treating patients with dysphagia and swallowing disorders.

Welchol interacts with some drugs. Drugs with a known interaction with colesevelam (cyclosporine, glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide, levothyroxine, olmesartan medoxomil, oral contraceptives [ethinyl estradiol, norethindrone], and metformin extended release [ER]) should be administered at least 4 hours prior to Welchol. Drugs that have not been tested for interaction with colesevelam, especially those with a narrow therapeutic index, should also be administered at least 4 hours prior to Welchol. Alternatively, the physician should monitor drug levels of the co-administered drug.

To avoid esophageal distress, Welchol for Oral Suspension should not be taken in its dry form.

Due to tablet size, Welchol for Oral Suspension is recommended for, but not limited to, use in the pediatric population as well as in any patient who has difficulty swallowing tablets.

Phenylketonurics: Welchol for Oral Suspension contains 27 mg phenylalanine per 3.75 gram dose.

Adverse Reactions

In clinical trials, the adverse reactions observed in ≥2% of patients, and more commonly with Welchol than placebo, regardless of investigator assessment of causality seen in:

  • Adult patients with Primary Hyperlipidemia were: constipation, dyspepsia, nausea, accidental injury, asthenia, pharyngitis, flu syndrome, rhinitis, and myalgia
  • Pediatric patients with heFH primary hyperlipidemia were: nasopharyngitis, headache, fatigue, creatine phosphokinase increase, rhinitis, and vomiting
  • Adult patients with Type 2 Diabetes were: constipation, hypoglycemia, dyspepsia, nausea, hypertension, and back pain

Post-marketing experience: Due to the voluntary nature of these reports it is not possible to reliably estimate frequency or establish a causal relationship:

  • Increased seizure activity or decreased phenytoin levels have been reported in patients receiving phenytoin concomitantly with Welchol
  • Reduced International Normalized Ratio (INR) has been reported in patients receiving warfarin concomitantly with Welchol
  • Elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) has been reported in patients receiving thyroid hormone replacement therapy
  • Dysphagia has been reported with both tablet and oral suspension formulations
Pregnancy

Welchol is Pregnancy Category B

Please see Full Prescribing Information for Welchol® (colesevelam HCl).

Savaysa®
INDICATIONS

SAVAYSA® (edoxaban) is indicated to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism (SE) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). SAVAYSA should not be used in patients with creatinine clearance (CrCl) >95 mL/min because of an increased risk of ischemic stroke compared to warfarin.

SAVAYSA is indicated for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) following 5 to 10 days of initial therapy with a parenteral anticoagulant.


IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR SAVAYSA
BOXED WARNINGS
  • REDUCED EFFICACY IN NVAF PATIENTS WITH CRCL >95 ML/MIN SAVAYSA should not be used in patients with CrCl >95 mL/min. In the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 study, NVAF patients with CrCl >95 mL/min had an increased rate of ischemic stroke with SAVAYSA 60 mg once daily compared to patients treated with warfarin. In these patients another anticoagulant should be used.
  • PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF SAVAYSA INCREASES THE RISK OF ISCHEMIC EVENTS Premature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant in the absence of adequate alternative anticoagulation increases the risk of ischemic events. If SAVAYSA is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant as described in the transition guidance in the Prescribing Information.
  • SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA
    • Epidural or spinal hematomas may occur in patients treated with SAVAYSA who are receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture. These hematomas may result in long-term or permanent paralysis. Consider these risks when scheduling patients for spinal procedures
    • Factors that can increase the risk of developing epidural or spinal hematomas in these patients include: use of indwelling epidural catheters; concomitant use of other drugs that affect hemostasis, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), platelet inhibitors, other anticoagulants; a history of traumatic or repeated epidural or spinal punctures; a history of spinal deformity or spinal surgery
    • Optimal timing between the administration of SAVAYSA and neuraxial procedures is not known

    Monitor patients frequently for signs and symptoms of neurological impairment. If neurological compromise is noted, urgent treatment is necessary. Consider the benefits and risks before neuraxial intervention in patients anticoagulated or to be anticoagulated.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

SAVAYSA is contraindicated in patients with active pathological bleeding.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Bleeding Risk

SAVAYSA increases the risk of bleeding and can cause serious and potentially fatal bleeding. Promptly evaluate any signs or symptoms of blood loss. Discontinue SAVAYSA in patients with active pathological bleeding. Concomitant use of drugs affecting hemostasis may increase the risk of bleeding. These include aspirin and other antiplatelet agents, other antithrombotic agents, fibrinolytic therapy, chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). There is no established way to reverse the anticoagulant effects of SAVAYSA, which can be expected to persist for approximately 24 hours after the last dose. The anticoagulant effect of SAVAYSA cannot be reliably monitored with standard laboratory testing. A specific reversal agent for edoxaban is not available. Hemodialysis does not significantly contribute to edoxaban clearance. Protamine sulfate, vitamin K, and tranexamic acid are not expected to reverse its anticoagulant activity.

Mechanical Heart Valves or Moderate to Severe Mitral Stenosis

The safety and efficacy of SAVAYSA has not been studied in patients with mechanical heart valves or moderate to severe mitral stenosis. SAVAYSA is not recommended in these patients.

ADVERSE REACTIONS
  • NVAF: The most common adverse reactions (≥5%) are bleeding and anemia
  • DVT/PE: The most common adverse reactions (≥1%) are bleeding, rash, abnormal liver function tests and anemia
DISCONTINUATION FOR SURGERY AND OTHER INTERVENTIONS

Discontinue SAVAYSA at least 24 hours before invasive or surgical procedures because of the risk of bleeding. SAVAYSA can be restarted after the surgical or other procedure as soon as adequate hemostasis has been established.

DRUG INTERACTIONS
  • Anticoagulants, Antiplatelets, and Thrombolytics: Coadministration of anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, and thrombolytics may increase the risk of bleeding
  • P-gp Inducers: Avoid concomitant use of SAVAYSA with rifampin
  • P-gp Inhibitors (DVT/PE only): Coadministration of certain P-gp inhibitor medications requires a dose reduction of SAVAYSA to 30 mg once daily
SPECIAL POPULATIONS
  • Nursing mothers: Discontinue drug or discontinue nursing
  • Impaired renal function (CrCl 15 to 50 mL/min): Reduce SAVAYSA dose to 30 mg once daily
  • Moderate or severe hepatic impairment: Not recommended
  • Pregnancy Category C

Please see full Prescribing Information, including Boxed WARNINGS and Medication Guide.

DSSV16001842
10/16